~  i l l a w a r r a   c o a l  ~
An Unofficial History of Coal Mining in the Illawarra

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Old Bulli Colliery 1914
Bulli Colliery in 1914



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 | 1790 | 1800 | 1810 | 1820 | 1830 | 1840 | 1850 | 1860 |

w w w . i l l a w a r r a c o a l . c o m

Rev.0  
   *1790  

1791 ~

First discovery of coal in Australia at Newcastle by escaped convicts.

1797 ~

Illawarra coal deposits first officially documented by George Bass (near Coalcliff)
   
   *1800  

1821 ~

O'Brien, Cornelius - granted 300 acres in the vicinity of Bulli

1828 ~

Australian Agricultural Co. has monopoly on coal - Shoobert is blocked from opening a coal mine.
   
   *1830  

1836 ~

Westmacott, Capt. Robert Marsh - purchases 300acres land from Cornelius O'Brien

1837 ~

Plunkett, John Herbert - on his property "Keelogues" ("Gundarun") 1280acres

~

Construction starts on Belmore Basin, Wollongong Harbour

? ~

Wylie, John obtains 2000 acres ("Dunlop Vale", north of Mullet Ck., Dapto) then loses it to Andrew Lang, the father of Rev. Dr. D. J. Lang.

1839 ~

Australian Agricultural Co. complains that Capt. Westmacott has opened mine at Bulli on land purchased from O'Brien (not proceeded with)

~

Rev. W. B. Clark, Geologist, commences examination of South Coast coal measures.
   
   *1840  

1841 ~

Owen, Robert purchases coal land

1844 ~

Construction of Belmore Basin completed.

1846 ~

Owen, Robert (later Judge Owen), purchases land at Jamberoo

1848 ~

Albert Mine (aka Shoobert’s Mine) - Tunnel in 5m seam (Wongawilli sm.) under Mt. Keira by James Shoobert.

1849 ~

Albert Mine (aka Shoobert’s Mine) - Tunnel in second seam (1.2m), the 4' seam (Albert sm.), located above first.

~

First coal mined for sale taken to Wollongong harbour by horse dray (27th August) by James Shoobert. Mined from the 4' seam.

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Wollongong Bay - first coal mined, loaded on SS "William the Fourth"

 

 

coal factCoal was first discovered in Australia at Newcastle by escaped convicts - the year was 1791

John Reid at Wiley's mine (later known as South Kembla)

 

   *1850  

1855 ~

Shoobert’s Mine (aka Albert Mine) - closes 17' seam (Wongawilli ), 4'2" seam ( Balgownie) still producing still low. (SMH-27thSept).

1856 ~

Albert Mine - plus Mt. Keira home (137 acres) auctioned by Rod Shoobert

1857 ~

Osborne-Wallsend Colliery in third & uppermost seam, 8' (2.1m), located on eastern face of Mt. Keira. In this 8' seam was second coal mine, owned by Henry Osborne.

~

Osborne-Wallsend Colliery - the first coal from this the No. 1 or Bulli seam was shipped on April 16.

~

Bellambi Colliery - (aka Hale's, Woonona & Model Colliery) started by Thomas Hale in 8' seam.

~

First coal shipped from Bellambi Harbour (17/12/57)

~

Henry Osborne purchases 1/2 of Hale's Bellambi property for $14,000

1858 ~

Russell-Vale Colliery opens at Bellambi ??

~

Bellambi No2 Colliery - commences (Taylor, Walker & Longmore) 1 mile north of Bellambi Colliery

~

Bellambi Cove - used for cedar - attempt to build jetty

1859 ~

Bellambi mine - Henry Osborne acquires 1/2 share.

~

Osborne - Wallsend Coal Mine Co. formed to build tramway to Wollongong (Capital of $500,000)

~

Osborne-Wallsend Mine - Henry Osborne dies, taken over by Osborne-Wallsend Co.
   
   *1860  

1860 ~

Thomas Hale engages man to sink shaft near Woonona Post Office - 6' of coal, 12' below surface.

1861 ~

Bulli Colliery - opened

~

Tunnel driven at site of Old Bulli Mine??

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Mt. Pleasant Colliery - opened by Lahiff & Fawcett for Illawarra Coal Co. on Mr. Plunkett's property.

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Bulli & Bellambi Coal Co. incorporated

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Russel Vale Colliery - proposed

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Construction starts on Mt. Keira tramway

1862 ~

Russel Vale Colliery - opened on Osborne's land by Taylor & Walker

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